When Nehemiah and his men began to rebuild the walls, they encountered great resistance from Sanbalet (a Samaritan), from Arabs, from the Ammonites, and from the Ashdodites; and they conspired together to attack Jerusalem and create confusion.
But Nehemiah did not retaliate against them in anger or think to take revenge. Instead he prayed,
Hear, O our God, for we are despised; turn their reproach on their own heads, and give them as plunder to a land of captivity! 5Do not cover their iniquity, and do not let their sin be blotted out from before You; for they have provoked You to anger before the builders (Nehemiah 4:4-5).